Sahib is situated in the heart of the city of Chamkaur Sahib in
Main Bazar. It is connected by Road to Ropar and to the Ludhina-Chandigarh
Guru Gobind Singh Ji
coming from Bur Majra went straight to the garden in the outskirts
of the town of Chamkaur Sahib on 6 December 1705. This garden
belonged to Rai Jagat Singh, the local landlord. Guruji sent some
of his disciples to request Rai Jagat Singh to let him take shelter
in his haveli. Rai Jagat Singh, for fear of the rulers wrath,
But his younger brother,
Rup Chand, asserting his right as a co-owner of the house allowed
Guru Gobind Singh Ji to enter. Guru Gobind Singh Ji had been here
before also when he was on his way to Kurukshetra in 1702. The
building of the Gurudwara Sahib is very beautiful.
battle of Chamkaur in 1704 in which the Guru and 40 Sikhs fought
against overwhelming odds, both of Guru Gobind Singhs sons died
in battle at this spot. The remaining Sikhs in the fort at Chamkaur
were being martyred one by one, but they did not want the Gurus
two sons to go into battle. Guru Gobind Singh declared that all
the Sikhs in the fort were his beloved sons. During the battle
Baba Ajit Singh asked his fathers permission to go out of the
fort and fight the enemy. He said, Dear father, my name is Ajit
or Unconquerable. I will not be conquered. And if conquered, I
will not flee or come back alive. Permit me to go, dear father.
Guru Gobind Singh hugged and kissed his beloved son before sending
him into battle where he fought heroically until his last breath.
Baba Jujhar Singh having watched his brother fight, asked Guru
Gobind Singh, Permit me, dear father to go where my brother has
gone. Don't say that I am too young. I am your son, I am a Singh
or Lion of yours. I shall prove worthy of you. I shall die fighting,
with my face towards the enemy, with God and the Guru on my lips
and in my heart. Guru Gobind Singh embraced him and said, Go my
son and wed life-giving Death. We have been here for a while.
Now we shall return to our real home. Go and wait for me there.
Your grandfather and elder brother are already waiting for you.
Thus the Guru watched his two sons achieve eternal peace through
martyrdom. Guru Gobind Singh was prepared to follow his sons and
Sikhs in martyrdom, but it was not the great Gurus time yet.
Qatalgarh Sahib (Shahid Ganj), west of Garhi Sahib, is the main
shrine at Chamkaur Sahib. This marks the site where the thickest
hand to hand fight took place on 7 December 1705 between the Mughal
army and the Sikhs, including the Sahibzadas, Ajit Singh and Jujhar
Singh, and three of the original five Piare (the Five Beloved).
A gurdwara was constructed here by Sardar Hardial Singh of Bela
in 1831 but that building was replaced during the 1960's by a
new complex raised under the supervision of Sant Piara Singh of
Jhar Sahib and later of Sant Bishan Singh of Amritsar. The main
building called Mariji Sahib is an elegant three storeyed domed
structure standing upon a high base. The large divan hall contains
an eight metre square sanctum. Another vast hall close by is called
Akal Buriga. It was used for the daily congregations before Mariji
Sahib was constructed. To the west of Akal Buriga is an old Baoli
Sahib still in use. The Guru ka Langar, community kitchen, is
further north from Baoli Sahib and Akal Buriga. The Gurdwara also
houses the offices of the local managing committee which administers
all historical shrines at Chamkaur under the overall control of
the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee. In addition to the
daily services, largely attended assemblies take place on the
first of each Bikrami month and on important anniversaries on
Sikh calendar. A three day fair called Shahidi Jor Mela is held
on 6,7 and 8 Poh, usually corresponding with 20, 21 and 22 December,
commemorating the martyrs of Chamkaur.
gurdwara commemorates the spot of the bloody battle of Chamkaur.
After the attack at the river Sarsa, Guru Gobind Singh, his two
eldest sons and 40 Sikhs made it to the town of Chamkaur while
being pursued by an army of 1,000. Guru Gobind Singh and the 40
Sikhs sought shelter in a mud-built double story house. They were
attacked by the enemy on December 22, 1705. Against these overwhelming
odds, the Sikhs ventured our in small groups to fight the enemy
and bravely lay down their lives. Thirty Seven Sikhs were martyred
that day including Guru Gobind Singhs two eldest sons as well
as three of the Five Beloved Ones (the first baptized Khalsa).
Guru Gobind Singh himself was preparing for battle and martyrdom,
but the five remaining Sikhs in the fort enacted the scene at
Anandpur, where they were had the authority of Guruship and Gobind
Singh their Khalsa disciple. Quoting the Gurus words giving them
authority to issue resolutions, they ordered Guru Gobind Singh
to escape the fort at night followed by three of the five remaining
Garhi Sahib is situated at Chamkaur Sahib in Ropar district and
is connected by road to Ropar and Ludhiana-Chandigarh highway
at Samrala and Morinda.
Garhi Sahib marks the site of the fortress like double storeyed
house, with a high compound wall around it and only one entrance
from the north, which was used by Guru Gobind Singh Ji as a temporary
citadel in the unequal battle of Chamkaur on 7th December, 1705.
While occupying the house during the night of 6-7 December, Guruji
ordered 8 sikhs each to guard four sides.
another two, Maan Singh and Kotha Singh was posted at the entrance.
Guru Gobind Singh Ji, with his sons Ajit Singh and Jujhar Singh
took position on the first floor of the house in the centre. Mughal
now sorrounded the `Garhi'. The battle raged throughout the day.
Sikhs started coming out in small batches to engage the enemy
the hand to hand fight. Two such successive sallies were led by
the Sahibzada Ajit Singh and Jujhar Singh, 18 and 14 years old
respectively, who like the other sikhs fell fighting heroically.
By nightfall Guru Gobind Singh was left with only five sikhs in
the fortress. These five sikhs urged him to escape so that he
could rally his supporters again and continue the struggle against
oppression. The Guruji agreed, he gave his own attire to Sangat
Singh who resembled him in features and physical stature.
the cover of darkness Guruji made good his way through the encircling
host slackened by the fatique of the day's battle. Daya Singh,
Dharam Singh and Man Singh also escaped leaving behind only two
sikhs, Sangat Singh and Sant Singh. Next day when, imperial trops
entered the garhi, they were surprised to find only two occupants,
who died rather than giving in. This place is also known as Tilak
Asthan (Anointment Site) in the belief that Guru Gobind Singh
Ji obeyed the five sikh here and gave his dress to Bhai Sangat
Singh. Salana Jor Mela and Dussehra are celebrated here.