The responsibility of General Administration of
the District lies with the Deputy Commissioner. He is the Executive
Head and has three fold roles as
(i) Deputy Commissioner,(ii) District Collector
and (iii) District Magistrate.
He is assisted by the following officers for carrying
out day to day work in various fields:--
1. Additional Deputy Commissioner
2. Assistant Commissioner (General)
3. Assistant Commissioner (Grievances)
4. Executive Magistrate
5. District Revenue Officer
6. District Transport Officer
7. District Development and Panchayat Officer
8. Civil Defense Officer
9. Urban Ceiling Officer
The Deputy Commissioner is the Chief Revenue Officer as District
Collector and is responsible for collection of Revenue and other
Govt. dues recoverable as arrears of Land Revenue. He deals with
the Natural Calamities like draught, unseasonal rains, hailstorms,
floods and fire etc.
Under the Registration Act the District Collector exercise the
Powers of Registrar of the District and he controls and supervises
the work of Registration of deeds. He also function as Marriage
Officer under the Special Marriage Act, 1954. Further under the
Cinematograph Act, the District Magistrate is the Licencing Authority
in his jurisdiction. The administration of the Police in a district
is vested in the District Superintendent, but under the General
direction of the District Magistrate as per provisions of section
4 of the Indian Police Act, 1861.
Rule 1.15 of the Punjab Police Rules, 1934, also provides the
powers of District Magistrate as under:--
The District Magistrate is the head of the Criminal Administration
of the District and the Police force is the instrument provided
by Government to enable him to enforce his authority and fulfill
his responsibility for the maintenance of Law & Order. The police
force in a District is, therefore, placed by Law under the General
control and direction of the District Magistrate, who is responsible
that it carries out its duties in such a manner that effective
protection is afforded to the public and against lawlessness and
District Magistrate is thus responsible for the maintenance of
Law & Order within the limit of his jurisdiction. He is conferred
with very wide powers by the law, which if used prudently can
be very effective in maintaining peace and tranquility. The police
force is mainly an instrument provided by Law for the District
Magistrate. He can impose restriction on the movement of unlawful
Assembly under Section 144 Cr.P.C. and can also impose curfew
keeping in view the situation.
He is authorised to inspect the Offices/Courts of Sub Divisional
Officers (Civil), Tehsildars, Naib Tehsildars, Treasuries, Sub
Treasuries, Jails, Hospitals, Dispenseries, Schools, Blocks, Police
Stations, Second Class Local Bodies, Improvement Trusts and all
other offices of Punjab Government, the A.C.Rs of whose Heads
of offices he is required to write. In this way, he has effective
control over the Administration.
The Deputy Commissioner holds courts and hears appeals under
the following Acts against the order of Sub Divisional Officer
(Civil), passed as Assistant Collector Ist Grade and Sales Commissioner
and Settlement Commissioner:--
1. Under the Land Revenue Act,1887.
2. Under the Punjab Tenancy Act,1887.
3. Displaced Persons (Compensation & Rehabilitation) Act,1954.
4. Punjab Package Deal Properties (Disposal) Act,1976.
5. Urban Land (Ceiling & Regulations) Act, 1976.
Besides it, he decides the lambardari cases.